Being Cybersecurity subject matter experts, It is our responsibility to educate our family, friends and non-security people about Cybersecurity and to enable them to fight against day to day cyber-attacks, malware and bots . I have met many people in my circle who have lost their important personal data, own expensive but useless PCs because of malware and performance issues, always suspect about unauthorized use of their social media accounts, etc. For all such users, I would recommend to implement the Cybersecurity tools mentioned below and follow the guidelines advised next to the tools section.
1- Avast Internet Security - Free Edition
Purpose: Malware protection
Download Link: www.avast.com/en-us/windows
Note: You can buy any other alternative Antivirus from market or can install a freely available to meet the purpose.
2- Secunia PSI
Purpose: Updating insecure programs
3- Macrium Reflect Disk Imaging and Backup
Purpose: Disk cloning and imaging.
Download Link: www.macrium.com/reflectfree
Purpose: Creates white list of applications and immunizes the system to block unwanted and unauthorized changes.
Download Link: www.safer-networking.org/mirrors26/
Try to have a fresh installation of Genuine Operating System first, before installing the recommended products.
1- Keep your operating systems and security products updated, always.
2- Must reboot the PCs/Laptops twice or thrice a week as majority of the updates work only after reboot.
3- Visit the websites mentioned above and try to understand that what are the features and functions of the recommended products and how to effectively use the all or selective ones.
4- Take backups regularly and keep it on external hard disks. I would recommend you to buy a WD (Western Digital) “My Passport” external disk and set it a password, to access, using given tool with the disk.
5- Disable Macros in Microsoft Office by going to Options >Trust Center >Macro Settings>Disable with Notifications. Never enable a Marco until you really need it and you know that the sender is trusted. It is a very effective attack vector being used in many recent attacks.
6- STOP SMBv1. It is recommended to disable SMB version 1 since it is outdated and uses technology that is almost 30 years old.
Disable SMB1 using Windows registry as it’s easy. Go to Start > Run> type “regedit” enter. A console will open in front of you. Navigate to the following registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Parameters
On right side, set the value for “DWORD SMB1” to “0” from “1”.
7- Never install any software/applications on your own, if you are not competent enough to recognize the right source to download from the internet. The majority of the links provided by search engines are infected and in one way or another installs the malicious add-ons along with applications. You should seek help from a professional.
8- Regularly review the messages and alters of the products installed and follow the directions, if given.
9- Least but not the last, “Think before you click”, while surfing internet.